There have been so many video formats used today for viewing the videos or movies in our systems that it has become difficult to remember each of them. Using the right codec for viewing movies is important.
Thought of sharing a list of the commonly used video formats which will help you to identify which codec is used when (in no particular order). You must have heard/used most of them, if not in case, then you can easily know which format is best to use on the following scenarios:
1. 3GP – Most common format used in cellphone videos.
2. AVI – Audio Video Interleave, used commonly in computers and enabling compression.
3. DAT – Digital Audio Tape, video data used in CD or DVDs
4. FLV – Flash Video, mostly used for flash animation but are used for video clips these days.
5. H.264 – H.264 is the next-generation video compression technology in the MPEG-4 standard, also known as MPEG-4 Part 10. Used in producing great video quality under small size.
6. M4V – movie format used in Apple portable devices like iPods etc.
7. Matroska (.MKV) – format used along with other video format to display meta information like subtitles
8. QuickTime (.MOV) – a container format used in devices like PSP, also enables compression
9. MP4 – MPEG-4 Part 14 also known as MP4 is a collection of audio and video encoding. Used today mostly by Apple and Microsoft.
10. RM – Real Media format played in Real Player
11. WMV – Windows Media Video, used in computers.
There are many other video formats used too apart from the ones mentioned above, but these are the most used formats used in video playback today [via]